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 - Northwestern Memorial Hospital - Chicago

Immunizations - Childhood

In an authoritative historical study of childhood vaccine development, Baker and Katz wrote: “It is difficult to think of any specific medical intervention that has done so much to reduce childhood morbidity and mortality as has immunization. . . . The current U.S. childhood immunization schedule . . . bears witness to nearly a hundred years of basic and applied research.” The scourge of infectious disease and its toll on children is sometimes forgotten. Indeed, in late-nineteenth-century New York City, diphtheria killed almost half of the children it infected. Vaccines represent biomedicine at its most effective and compassionate, since they have saved hundreds of thousands of children’s lives and spared countless parents the agony of watching a child die.

Internet Resources

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The CDC is the primary public-health agency of the U.S. government. Its scientists are respected throughout the world for their decades-long history of protecting the health of all people. Includes link to recommended immunization schedule (http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/schedules/child-schedule.htm) for children from birth to age eighteen.

American Academy of Pediatrics
Immunization is one of the strategic priorities of the AAP, an organization of pediatric health specialists with more than 60,000 members.

National Network for Immunization Information
This Web site compiles scientific studies relevant to all aspects of immunization science.

Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP)
Consistently ranked among the top three children’s hospitals in the United States, CHOP offers a comprehensive Vaccine Education Center featuring a vaccine safety area and FAQs.

Johns Hopkins Institute for Vaccine Safety
The Institute’s mission is to provide an independent assessment of vaccines and vaccine safety, with the goal of preventing disease by using the safest possible vaccines.

Immunization Action Coalition
One of the many strengths of this site is access to weekly e-newsletters that will keep subscribers current with the latest news in immunization science.

Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System
Redundant systems are in place at all levels, from local communities to international agencies, for reporting significant adverse events that may be associated with a vaccine.

Illinois Immunization Program
For information specific to Illinois, look here.

Journal Articles

  • “Childhood vaccine development: an overview.” Baker JP and Katz SL. Pediatric Research. 55(2):347–356. 2004.
  • “Prenatal and infant exposure to thimerosal from vaccines and immunoglobulins and risk of autism.” Price CS et al. Pediatrics.26(4):656–664. October 2010.
  • “Understanding vaccines: how immunizations help fight disease.” Mayo Clinic Women’s Healthsource. 10(12):1–2. December 2006.


Contact Us

For more information, or for a copy of any of the resources listed here, please contact the Health Learning Center at 312.926.5465 orHLC@nmh.org.

Last UpdateDecember 9, 2013