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 - Northwestern Memorial Hospital - Chicago


It is important that all people with diabetes, regardless of the type, take these steps in order to manage their diabetes:

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Exercise
  • Eating a healthy, balanced diet

Medical management of and treatment for diabetes depends on a number of factors, including type of diabetes and how far above normal your blood sugar levels are. Treatment options may include:

Blood Sugar Monitoring

Depending on the suggested treatment plan, people with diabetes may need to monitor their blood sugar several times a week or as often as several times a day. Your doctor will work with you to find a treatment plan that works best for you. There are kits that allow blood sugar monitoring to be done at home, school or work.

Insulin Therapy

People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin, and some people with Type 2 diabetes will require insulin therapy as well. Insulin is typically injected, but some people use an insulin pump.


Sometimes, medications are prescribed as a part of a diabetes treatment plan. The various medications have different effects on the body, including:

  • Stimulating your pancreas to produce and release more insulin
  • Inhibiting the production and release of glucose from your liver so your body requires less insulin
  • Blocking the breakdown of carbohydrates in the small bowel
  • Making your tissues more sensitive to insulin, thus your body requires less insulin to work properly


If you would like to schedule an appointment with an endocrinologist at Northwestern Memorial Hospital, you may call the Physician Referral Service at 1-877-926-4664 or request a first time appointment online.

Last UpdateFebruary 8, 2011


To make an appointment with a physician, please call 1-877-926-4664.

New patients can request an appointment online.