Bladder cancers usually start in the cells that line the organ, which are called transitional cells. No one knows exactly what causes cancer to develop in the bladder. However, both cigarette smoking and exposure to carcinogens (cancer-causing chemicals) in the workplace are known to increase the risk for developing bladder cancer in both men and women.
Cancer.gov: Bladder Cancer
Provides access to authoritative documents from the National Cancer Institute, including information about treatment, supportive care, and clinical trials.
MedlinePlus: Bladder Cancer
Developed at the National Library of Medicine specifically for consumers, this site is a portal for both government-sponsored and privately developed health information for the lay public. Look for links to familiar places like the National Institutes of Health.
American Cancer Society
The American Cancer Society provides extensive resources and support to patients, families, and caregivers.
Cancer.net: Bladder Cancer
Designed especially for cancer patients by the cancer professionals of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, this site is dedicated to providing accurate, reliable, current information about cancer. The symptom management section is especially helpful.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network
The consumer web site of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, this site offers current cancer news, treatment summaries for the most common types of cancer, and links to leading cancer treatment centers. It also offers practical advice on such topics as living with cancer, paying for treatment, and life after cancer.
The Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University at Northwestern Memorial Hospital
Contains information about the many services offered at the Lurie Cancer Center, one of thirteen founding members of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN).
- 100 Questions & Answers about Bladder Cancer, 2nd ed. Ellsworth P. and Carswell B. 2011
- Atlas of Bladder Disease. Staskin, D. 2010
- Bladder Cancer: A Cleveland Clinical Guide: Information for Patients and Caregivers. Raghavan D. 2008
- Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer,3rd. Longe J, ed. 2010. Available in print at the Health Learning Center or electronically at http://www.nmh.org/nmh/hlc/main.htm.
- “New bladder cancer removal technique reduces recurrence.” Mayo Clinic Health Letter. 28(2):4. Feb. 2010
- “Bladder Cancer: Early Discovery, Vigilance are Key.” Mayo Clinic Health Letter. 26(10):1-3. October 2008
- “Effects of Various Natural Products on Growth of Bladder Cancer Cells: Two Promising Mushroom Extracts.” Alternative Medicine Review. 12(1):63-68. March 2007
- “Benefits of Bladder-cancer Screening at Home.” Lancet Oncology. 7(7):540. Susman E. July 2006
- “Comparative Outcomes of Bladder Cancer.” Obstetrics and Gynecology. 108(1):169–175. Cardenas-Turanzas M. July 2006
Northwestern Memorial Hospital’s Health Learning Center has joined forces with the American Cancer Society’s Patient Navigator Program to provide assistance to patients and families dealing with cancer. To take advantage of this unique service, provided bya licensed clinical social worker, call 312-926-4282.
Bladder Cancer Advocacy Network
The web site of this national advocacy organization provides services ranging from information on treatment options and online and in-person support groups, to a handbook for newly diagnosed patients and a clinical trial matching service.