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Traumatic Brain Injury

What is Traumatic Brain Injury?

According to the CDC, a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is any blow, jolt or penetrating injury to the head that disrupts brain function. Not all head traumas result in a TBI. Injuries that do may be either mild—resulting in a brief change in mental status—or severe, in which the change in mental status is prolonged.

Internet Resources

MedlinePlus: Head and Brain Injuries
Developed by the National Library of Medicine specifically for consumers, this site is a portal for both government-sponsored and privately developed health information for the public.

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
CDC.gov is the Center for Diseaese Control’s primary online communication channel. This site includes information on traumatic brain injury prevention, diagnosis, U.S. statistics and more.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: Traumatic Brain Injury: Hope through Research
NINDS is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and has information about diagnosis, treatment, complications, and clinical trials related to TBI.

Brain Injury Association of America
The Brain Injury Association of America is a not-for-profit organization working on behalf of individuals with brain injury and their families. It provides community service information and resources, participates in legislative advocacy, facilitates prevention awareness, hosts educational programs and encourages research.


  • The caregiver’s path to compassionate decision making: making choices for those who can’t. Kind V. 2010.
  • Successfully surviving a brain injury : a family guidebook : from the emergency room to selecting a rehabilitation facility. Prowe, G. 2010
  • Mindstorms : the complete guide for families living with traumatic brain injury. Cassidy, J. 2009.
  • Brain injury survival kit: 365 tips, tools, & tricks to deal with cognitive function loss. Sullivan C. 2008.
  • Brainlash: maximize your recovery from mild brain injury. Denton GL. 2008.
  • Head cases: stories of brain injury and its aftermath. Mason M. 2008.
  • Sports injuries guidebook. Gotlin RS, ed. 2008.

Journal Articles

  • “Concussion management at the NFL, College, High School and Youth Sports Levels.” Clinical Neurosurgery. 58:51-6. 2011.
  • “If you hit your head: the right response to a brain injury.” Johns Hopkins Medical Letter, Health after 50. 21(7):1-2. Sept. 2009
  • “Postconcussion syndrome. Why this diagnosis is controversial and what treatments may help.” Harvard Mental Health Letter. 24(6): 6. Dec. 2007


  • Brain, Brain stem, Brain pathology


Brain Injury Association of Illinois
312-726-5699 (in Illinois) OR 800-699-6443
P.O. Box 64420
Chicago, Illinois 60664-0420

Contact Us

For more information, please contact the Health Learning Center at 312-926-5465 or HLC@nmh.org.

Last UpdateDecember 2, 2011