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 - Northwestern Memorial Hospital - Chicago

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction (PFD)

Pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is a spectrum of disorders involving spasm of the bowl-shaped group of pelvic muscles that support the pelvic organs known as the levator muscles.

Sometimes, the levators will involuntarily and abnormally contract (spasm). The spasms can be extremely painful and can lead to other symptoms, including:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Trouble having a bowel movement
  • Painful intercourse

Treatment for PFD can involve:

  • Pelvic floor rehabilitation
  • Medication (muscle relaxants)
  • Other non-invasive methods for relieving the muscle spasm
  • Trigger point injections
  • Surgical options

A sacral nerve implant can help patients who experience difficulty emptying the bladder as a result of PFD.


Last UpdateDecember 6, 2011