Types of Strokes and Symptoms
Types of Stroke
Stroke is a brain attack, cutting off vital blood flow and oxygen to the brain. There are two types of stroke:
- Ischemic stroke occurs when arteries are blocked by the gradual buildup of plaque and other fatty deposits or blood clots. Almost 85 percent of all strokes are ischemic.
- Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain bursts and blood leaks into the brain. Hemorrhagic strokes account for about 15 percent of all strokes, yet are responsible for more than 30 percent of all stroke deaths.
Symptoms of Stroke
It is important to recognize symptoms of stroke and act quickly. If you experience or witness any of these symptoms, even if the symptoms only last for a few minutes, call 911 immediately. Stroke is a medical emergency.
Symptoms in women and men include:
- Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
- Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
- Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
- Sudden severe headache with no known cause
Symptoms unique to women include :
- Sudden face and limb pain
- Sudden hiccups
- Sudden nausea
- Sudden general weakness
- Sudden chest pain
- Sudden shortness of breath
- Sudden palpitations
Acting F.A.S.T. Saves Lives
Every minute counts for stroke patients and acting F.A.S.T. can lead patients to the stroke treatment they need. The most effective stroke treatments are only available if the stroke is recognized and diagnosed within the first 3 hours of the first symptoms. Stroke patients may not be eligible for stroke treatment if they arrive at the hospital after the three-hour window.
This simple test will help you detect stroke symptoms and Act F.A.S.T:
F - Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
A - Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
S - Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence. Are the words slurred?
T - Time: If you observe any of these signs, call 911 or go to the emergency room.
Center for Women's Cardiovascular Health
1-866 662-8467 (toll free)